Researchers from the Australian National University have partnered with blockchain oracle provider AP13 to launch the first quantum random number generator (QRNG). The joint effort will enable Web3 entities to access a completely unpredictable random number generation system that is highly secure and free to use.
Random number generators are not new, but the QRNG system is the first to use quantum mechanics to generate a random number. This provides the first truly random number mechanism beyond currently used pseudo-mathematical systems, which can be biased or repeated. There are several traditional uses for random numbers, such as gambling and lotteries, sports and competitions, and sampling and statistics.
As more and more companies want to use the world of Web3, there is a need for a tamper-proof and true random number generator that does not rely on third parties. API3’s QRNG measures the random quantum fluctuations in phase and amplitude of an electromagnetic field in a vacuum to ensure unpredictable randomness and generate the numbers.
The system is currently available as an application programming interface (API) for 13 blockchains, including Ethereum, BNB Chain, Arbitrum, Avalanche, Optimism, Polygon, Fantom, and Moonbeam. Users don’t have to pay for the service, but there is a small network fee for calling the API. Web3 and Metaverse games could be one of the biggest beneficiaries of such systems, as games constantly rely on a degree of randomness and unpredictability to keep players engaged. Blockchain-based gambling applications would also greatly benefit from a tamper-proof random number generator, leading to greater trust in betting platforms. Tranter added that humans can use random numbers for any application, from generating unique non-fungible tokens (NFTs) to artwork to decision-making.
A tamper-proof system will also benefit Web3 applications that involve public participation, such as random token distribution or drawing winners.
API3 QRNG is hosted on Amazon Web Services (AWS) by the Australian National University Quantum Optics Group, and all data passed between servers is encrypted. Furthermore, the random numbers are destroyed after use, ensuring that the firm never has access.